The Breast Cancer Awareness Month, marked in countries across the world every October, helps to increase attention and support for the awareness, early detection and treatment as well as palliative care of this disease. There are about 1.38 million new cases and 458 000 deaths from breast cancer each year (IARC Globocan, 2008). Breast cancer is by far the most common cancer in women worldwide, both in the developed and developing countries. In low- and middle-income countries the incidence has been rising up steadily in the last years due to increase in life expectancy, increase urbanization and adoption of western lifestyles.
Currently there is not sufficient knowledge on the causes of breast cancer, therefore, early detection of the disease remains the cornerstone of breast cancer control. When breast cancer is detected early, and if adequate diagnosis and treatment are available, there is a good chance that breast cancer can be cured. If detected late, however, curative treatment is often no longer an option. In such cases, palliative care to relief the suffering of patients and their families is needed. .
This year’s day is about enabling and expanding the contributions of older people in their families, communities and societies at large. It focuses on the pathways that support full and effective participation in old age, in accordance with old persons’ basic rights, needs and preferences. Between 2015 and 2030, the target date for the Sustainable Development Goals, the number of older persons worldwide is set to increase by 56 per cent — from 901 million to more than 1.4 billion. By 2030, the number of people aged 60 and above will exceed that of young people aged 15 to 24.
Enabling conditions/measures that influence the readiness of older persons to participate including securing healthcare, regular income,
legal protection and access to financial services.
Pathways/means to facilitate contributions and participation in old age, including technology, education and lifelong learning, access to information, as well as overcoming barriers that exclude or discriminate against older persons.
The International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking serves to draw awareness to the need for action and cooperation in order to achieve a drug-free world. Illicit drugs and their trafficking pose a large health threat to humanity. Drug problems and dependencies put a great deal of pressure on health care systems and constitute a threat to the safety and well-being of humans all around the globe. Long-term drug abuse has been linked to poor general health, contraction of diseases through needle sharing, trouble with the law, poor self-hygiene and alienation from loved ones, psychological illnesses and death from overdose.
In December 1987, the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking was designated by the United Nations. It is celebrated annually on June 26, a symbolic day that commemorates the dismantling of the opium trade in Guangdong. The day also serves as an opportunity for Member Nations to reaffirm their support for UN Conventions that attempt to control the world's drug supply.
Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It’s commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis. These include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that occurs as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that occurs when your body makes antibodies against your liver tissue.
1. bile production, which is essential to digestion
2. filtering of toxins from your body
3. excretion of bilirubin (a product of broken-down red blood cells), cholesterol, hormones, and drugs
4. breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
5. activation of enzymes, which are specialized proteins essential to body functions
6. storage of glycogen (a form of sugar), minerals, and vitamins (A, D, E, and K)
7. synthesis of blood proteins, such as albumin
8. synthesis of clotting factors
1. local water
3. raw or under cooked shellfish and oysters
1. not sharing drug needles
2. not sharing razors
3. not using someone else’s toothbrush
The use of vaccines is an important key to preventing hepatitis. Vaccinations are available to prevent the development of hepatitis A and B. Experts are currently developing vaccines against hepatitis C. A vaccination for hepatitis E exists in China, but it isn’t available in the United States.
World Alzheimer's Day is on 21 September each year. While World Alzheimer's Month offers a longer period of time for Alzheimer associations worldwide to raise awareness, World Alzheimer's Day marks the pinnacle of the Month. World Alzheimer's Day was launched at the opening of ADI's annual conference in Edinburgh on 21 September 1994 to celebrate our 10th anniversary. World Alzheimer's Month unites opinion leaders, people with dementia, their carers and family, medical professionals, researchers and the media from all around the world.
Dementia is a syndrome characterised by progressive, usually irreversible, global cognitive deficits. Often memory impairment is the first symptom with progression to other deficits including dysphasia, agnosia, apraxia, impaired executive function, and personality disintegration. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, a group of disorders that impairs mental functioning.
Changes in mood (often depression or anxiety).
Changes in personality (especially apathy or irritability).
Memory problems (particularly for recent events & the names of people or things)
Difficulty calculating change & managing financial affairs .
It was first started and celebrated by the World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action in the year 1992. And later it is being celebrated in more than 120 countries and promoted worldwide by the WABA (World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action), WHO (World Health Organization) and UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund) to get the goal of elite breastfeeding by mother for their baby of first six months in order to get the incredible health benefits, to fulfill the all vital nutrients, to encourage mother for the healthy growth and development of their child, to guard them from the lethal health problems and diseases including neonatal jaundice, pneumonia, cholera and many more
To make aware the peer group to support mothers in order to establish and carry on the breastfeeding
To initiate the breastfeeding supporters to be trained to provide support to mothers and babies in more effective ways.
To make aware the people to attend and expand the Peer Counseling programmes by letting them know the effective and efficient benefits of the Peer Counseling
To call on the governments to get more and worldwide maternity facilities in order to increase the rate and duration of elite breastfeeding.   To discover the contacts of the neighboring community support so that breastfeeding mothers can go them to get help and support after delivery.
World Heart Day is a campaign established to spread awareness about the health of heart among common people all through the world. This initiative was founded in the year 2000 to inform people to take care of their heart. A huge percentage of common public in the society is suffering from the heart diseases like stroke, heart attack, heart failure, etc. Heart problems are the leading causes of death in the world. It is celebrated annually all over the world on 29th of September. A particular theme is decided for the each year celebration in order to focus on the main subject and make it effective. Theme is prepared by keeping in mind the key issues of heart health. According to the World Heart Federation, at least 80% of the premature deaths (because of cardiovascular diseases) can be protected by controlling four main risk factors such as unhealthy diet, tobacco use, lack of physical activity and use of alcohol.
World Heart Day was celebrated every year on the last Sunday of September month from the year it was established till 2010. It is an effective event established in 2000 and organized every year by the World Heart Federation since 2000. From the year 2011, it was started celebrating annually on 29th of September (means no longer on last Sunday of the month). World Heart Federation and its members actively involves in the celebration in order to spread the news about premature deaths from heart diseases and its risk factors (tobacco intake, lack of physical exercise, unhealthy diet and alcohol intake) to the common public. There are many collaborators of the World Heart Federation in this campaign including several major international non-profits (Indian Heart Association). Through this campaign, several effective preventative measures are promoted in order to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
World Mental Health Day seeks to raise awareness of mental health illnesses while educating the population and mobilizing efforts to support mental health. Mental health, which includes a person's emotional, psychological and social well-being, has become increasingly important in recent decades as an estimated 350 million people worldwide suffer from depression. In 1992, the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) established World Mental Health Day in an effort to promote education and advocate for mental health sufferers. The Foundation aims to provide further awareness and assistance for those suffering from a wide range of mental disorders in the hopes of saving lives and increasing quality of life for these individuals. World Mental Health Day is celebrated annually on October 10th.
The 2016 theme for World Mental Health Day as promoted by World Federation for
Mental Health was Dignity in Mental Health - Psychological & Mental Health First Aid for All.
Depression can lead to suicide. More than 800,000 people worldwide take their own lives every year.
Suicide is the third leading cause of death in the world for individuals 15 to 44. Suicide rates have increased by 60% over the past 45 years.
10-20% of children in the world experience a mental disorder. It is the leading cause of disability in youth.
Anti-Obesity Day (AOD) is observed in various parts of the world on November 26, with several healthcare organizations and leading Media primarily in India and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries marking the day with activities to highlight how Obesity is a public health hazard In 2001, the Indian Wellness brand VLCC founded by Mrs. Vandana Luthra, took the first step towards creating awareness about Obesity and its ill-effects through the creation of an anti-obesity initiative to address the global pandemic.
Obesity has its deleterious effects on all systems such as Respiratory disease, Stroke, Cardiovascular problems, Gall stone disease, Gout, Osteoarthritis, Hormonal abnormalities, Diabetes & Cancer. Diabetes and obesity are mutually related. India is diabetes capital of the world. 40.9 million people are diabetic in India, this is expected to rise to 69.9 million by 2025. Glucose maintenance in the body is a complex process . Whenever food enters the system glucose needs to be absorbed into cells by insulin. Secretion of insulin is helped by incretins which are the substances produced by hind gut that stimulate the Beta cells to produce insulin. Secretion of insulin inhibited by anti incretins secreted by fore gut. Poor sugar control is the major contribute for the development of Diabetes which is due to excessive calorie intake, poor secretion of insulin, insulin resistance. All these are strongly associated with obesity.